Cosmetic plastic surgery includes surgical and nonsurgical procedures that enhance and reshape structures of the body to improve appearance and confidence. Healthy individuals with a positive outlook and realistic expectations are appropriate candidates for cosmetic procedures. Because it is elective, cosmetic surgery is usually not covered by health insurance. Within the following pages, we present some of the most common benefits and risks of these procedures. No surgical procedure is without risk.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are extensively trained to appropriately administer local anesthesia, all forms of sedation and general anesthesia. Dental implant surgery is, of course, surgery, and is best performed by a trained surgeon with specialized education and training. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons surgically treat the soft tissues of the face, mouth and gums to improve function, appearance and oral health. Extensive education and training in surgical procedures involving skin, muscle, bone and cartilage finely attune the oral and maxillofacial surgeon to the need for harmony between facial appearance and function. As a result, OMSs are qualified to perform facial cosmetic surgical procedures.
Cosmetic surgery: What you should know
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In , more than , cosmetic procedures were performed on patients between 13 and 19, including nearly 65, surgical procedures such as nose reshaping, breast lifts, breast augmentation, liposuction, and tummy tucks. Very few studies have been conducted to examine the risks for teens of these increasingly common surgeries. Research is especially needed for the more controversial procedures such as breast implants, liposuction, and genital plastic surgery. There is no question that reconstructive surgeries can benefit children and youth. Surgical procedures to correct cleft lips and palates, for example, are not controversial.